Monthly eNews January 2023

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Our Next Meeting:
Thursday, January 26th

Nominations and
How to Optimize Your Broadcast Station's Workflow

by Pascal Blanchette, VP of Solutions at MaestroVision

Given the evolution from video tapes to video files, broadcaster engineers should evolve their workflow as well. Many broadcast stations are still employing tedious processes involving many different files being shared between traffic, editing, master control and storage at once. This process can be hard to keep track of and sustain. Learn how an improved workflow will save broadcasters time and money. Discover how to incorporate this new workflow into your tv broadcast station in just 3 easy steps!

This meeting will be virtual
Meeting space details will be released via the
Chapter email group in the days preceding the meeting

Chris J. Cain
Oct 19, 1946 - Dec 13, 2022

Longtime broadcast engineer and former SBE Chapter 24 member Christopher James Cain, age 76 of Oregon WI, passed away on Tuesday, Dec. 13, 2022. He served as the Chapter's Frequency Coordinator from 1986 through 1992. He also served on the inaugural Wisconsin Broadcaster Association (WBA) steering committee for its Summer Engineering Conference which is held each year at a different location around the state. Chris served for a time as a WBA FCC compliance inspector for its Alternate Broadcast Inspection Program.

During his career Chris was employed at WHA in Radio Hall on the UW Madison campus, he worked at WISM Radio as Chief Engineer before being promoted to Director of Engineering for the 14 radio station group, he went on to finish his broadcasting career at WISC-TV as Chief Engineer.

Complete Obituary

Our Chapter 11 Years Ago

Last Meeting Minutes
Submitted by Mike Travis, Secretary

Members of SBE Chapter 24 and their Guests gathered for the annual Chapter Holiday Celebration Dinner at the Green Lantern Supper Club in McFarland WI. There was no formal business meeting conducted. Instead many stories of the past year, some related to broadcasting, some not, were shared as everyone toasted the Holiday Season. Because of Covid this annual gathering had been cancelled for the past two years which made this one very special to everyone attending. It was a very festive and enjoyable evening.

Job Openings

Woodward Radio Group CE
WMTV TV, Broadcast Engineer
WKOW PT MC Operator

Chapter 24 eNews Needs You

Chapter 24 is seeking an eNews Letter editor. As editor you will be able to take the publication in any direction you desire subject to content inclusions defined in the Chapter ByLaws as a minimum. If you are interested please contact Chapter Chair Matt Mommaerts (

Be the FCC News Author

The monthly publication of the Chapter 24 eNews letter is looking for a FCC News author. If you regularly follow the movements of the FCC particularly as they relate to Wisconsin Broadcasters, or if you are interested in doing so, please consider sharing your knowledge with the members of the Chapter by writing the FCC News column each month. If you are interested or have questions please contact

Program Ideas Appreciated

The Chapter 24 2023 meeting schedule is available here. If you have any suggestions for program topics you'd like to see, or if there is a topic that you'd like to present at an upcoming meeting, please contact Matt Mommaerts or one of the Chapter 24 officers .

Amateur Radio News
Compiled by Tom Weeden, WJ9H

Rep. Lesko Introduces Bill to Require an FCC Rule Change for Amateur Radio
Congresswoman Debbie Lesko introduced a bill in the U.S. House of Representatives (H.R. 9664) on December 21 to require that the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) replace the current HF digital symbol rate limit with a 2.8 kHz bandwidth limit.

After being petitioned by ARRL, The National Association for Amateur Radio®, in 2013 (RM-11708) for the same relief, in 2016 the Commission issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (WT Docket No. 16-239) in which it agreed that the HF symbol rate limit was outmoded, served no purpose, and hampered experimentation. But the Commission questioned whether any bandwidth limit was needed in its place. Most amateurs, including the ARRL, objected to there being no signal bandwidth limit in the crowded HF bands given the possibility that unreasonably wide bandwidth digital protocols could be developed, and since 2016 there has been no further FCC action.

In conjunction with introducing the legislation, Congresswoman Lesko stated that "With advances in our modern technology, increased amounts of data can be put on the spectrum, so there is less of a need for a regulatory limit on symbol rates. I am pleased to introduce this important piece of legislation to update the FCC's rules to support the critical role amateur radio operators play and better reflect the capabilities of our modern radio technology."

ARRL President Rick Roderick, K5UR, hailed introduction of the bill. Roderick stated that "the FCC's delay in removing this outdated restriction has been incomprehensible, given that the biggest effect of the delay is to require totally inefficient spectrum use on the already-crowded amateur HF bands. I hope that the Commission will act to remove this harmful limitation without waiting for the bill to be passed."

ARRL Legislative Committee Chairman John Robert Stratton, N5AUS, added that "the symbol rate limit hampers experimentation and development of more efficient HF data protocols by U.S. amateurs. For all practical purposes the field has been ceded to amateurs outside the U.S., where there is no comparable limit. Removing the restriction not only will allow U.S. amateurs to use the most efficient data protocol suitable for their purpose, but it also will promote and incentivize U.S. amateurs to experiment with and develop even more efficient protocols."

New General License Exam Question Pool Released
The National Conference of Volunteer Examiner Coordinators' (NCVEC) Question Pool Committee (QPC) has released the 2023 - 2027 General Class FCC Element 3 Syllabus and Question Pool to the public. The new General Question Pool is effective July 1, 2023, through June 30, 2027.

The new pool incorporates some significant changes compared to the 2019 - 2023 version. Its 432 questions were modified slightly to improve wording and to replace distractors; 51 new questions were generated, and 73 questions were eliminated. This resulted in a reduction of 22 questions, bringing the total number of questions in the pool down from 454. The level of difficulty of questions is more balanced, and the techniques and practices addressed have been updated.

"The newly revised pool must be used for General-class license exams starting July 1, 2023," said ARRL VEC Manager Maria Somma, AB1FM, who is a member of the NCVEC Question Pool Committee. "New test designs will be available to ARRL Volunteer Examiners on that date. The ARRL VEC will supply its officially appointed, field-stocked VE teams with new General exam booklet designs around mid-June."

(Excerpts from the American Radio Relay League's web site)

ETRS Form One Submission
by Gary Timm
Wisconsin SECC Broadcast Chair

Although there was no Nationwide EAS Test to report on in 2022, FCC EAS rules still require that all EAS Participants update their "identifying information" in the EAS Test Reporting System (ETRS) Form One on an annual basis. The FCC has thus established a window for the 2022 submission of this information, delaying the required reporting until early 2023.

The FCC has issued a Public Notice which opened ETRS on January 3, 2023 for Form One updating. The PN includes instructions for using ETRS and an FCC contact if you have any issues or questions. Form One submissions are due by February 28, 2023.

DASDEC/One-Net User Advisory
by Gary Timm
Wisconsin SECC Broadcast Chair

Wisconsin EAS Participants

A notice was recently released by Digital Alert Systems of a new vulnerability in its software. This is not the same issue that was patched in 2019 and again brought to light in August 2022 when it was to be revealed to the public. This is a NEW vulnerability, but the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) considers this to be a low-end/medium level threat (see CISA link below) so DAS will just include a fix in their next software update.

This affects Broadcasters using a DASDEC EAS unit, and Cable Operators using a Monroe One-Net EAS unit. Those users should (1) ensure your contact info with DAS is current, and (2) install the software update as soon as DAS emails you that it is available.

Here are the details of the Security Advisory from the DAS website:
Contact DAS Support with any questions.

ALL Wisconsin EAS Participants
Some of you may have received an FCC statement on a new CISA report.

You will recall that the last paragraph repeats an ominous warning first issued in the FCC's August 2022 Public Notice: "Failure to receive or transmit EAS messages during national tests or actual emergencies because of an equipment failure may subject the EAS Participant to enforcement." (my emphasis)

As has been said before, ALL EAS Participants are wise to be sure they are running the most current software on their EAS unit, and that it is operative and in good repair.

TV Audio Descriptions

In October of 2020 the FCC adopted rules as part of the 2020 Audio Description Order. On December 1, 2020 the FCC issued a Public Notice ( DA-22-1244A1) expanding the TV Audio Description requirement to Designated Market Areas (DMAs) 81 thru 90 beginning in January of 2023.

The FCC's audio description rules require certain television broadcast stations and multichannel video programming distributors (MVPDs) to provide audio description for a portion of the video programming they televise to consumers. The 2020 Audio Description Order expanded the availability of audio description by phasing the requirements in for an additional 10 DMAs each year for four years.

The Madison WI DMA is one of the 10 additional markets now under the FCC TV Audio Description mandate. For more information about audio description Click Here.

SBE MemberPlus Adds SBE University Courses to Member Benefit

The SBE MemberPlus membership benefit includes all the benefits of SBE membership and access to all the live and archived Webinars by SBE. Beginning January 1, 2023, the SBE MemberPlus benefit will add access to the complete library of SBE University courses as well. SBE University is a collection of online self-study courses. Each course is an electronic book that typically includes 8-14 chapters. Each course can be taken as the student's time allows and will keep track of the ongoing progress. There are currently 16 courses available in SBE University. Topics include AM directional systems, working with station staffs, several technical introduction courses and more. The added benefit will be automatically available to existing and new SBE MemberPlus members as of January 1.

Certification and Education
compiled by Jim Hermanson

The Open 2023 Exam Schedule
Exam Dates Location Application Deadline
(to SBE National Office)

  February 3-13, 2023

  Local Chapters (Madison Area)

  January 6, 2023

  June 1-12, 2023

  Local Chapters (Madison Area)

  April 21, 2023

  August 4-14, 2023

  Local Chapters (Madison Area)

  June 16, 2023

  November 3-13, 2023

  Local Chapters (Madison Area)

  September 8, 2023

When you are ready to take an SBE exam, note the open exam schedule, complete the appropriate application (found here... and send it directly to the SBE National office (see address below) with the respective fee. You will be notified once your application is approved. Before the exam time, your local certification chairman will receive a list of applicants and exams in his/her area and arrange for a proctor. He/she will then contact applicants to schedule a mutually agreeable date, time, and place for the exam(s) within the respective exam date window. This must be coordinated before the exam will be sent by SBE National. Completed exam(s) will be mailed back to SBE National for grading. Pass/fail results will be mailed directly to the applicants.

The majority of SBE certifications are open book and access to the Internet is allowed to give a more "real world" situation.

You may mail, email, or fax your applications to:
Megan E. Clappe
Certification Director
9102 N. Meridian St.
Suite 150
Indianapolis, IN 46260
317-846-9120 Fax

To apply for a specialist certification, an individual must currently hold certification on the Broadcast Engineer, Senior Broadcast Engineer, Professional Broadcast Engineer or Broadcast Networking Engineer Certification level. Exams must be completed within three hours and consist of 50 multiple-choice questions (two points each) and one essay question (20 points maximum). Examinees are provided one essay question to answer. Exams are pass/fail, and a score of 84 is a passing grade.

SBE Education Committee Launches Disability Survey

The SBE Education Committee is undertaking a survey that could have far-reaching benefits for some of our current membership, as well as future membership. Spearheading the initiative is SBE Education Committee member Len Watson, CPBE. The goal is to help those members connect with opportunities or to help those who were forced to leave due to challenges.


SBE Plans Expanded Ennes Workshop at the 2023 NAB Show

The SBE is planning to hold a two-day SBE Ennes Workshop at the 2023 NAB Show. It will be held April 14 and 15 at the Westgate Resort and Casino. Registration for the Workshop will be separate from the NAB Show convention registration, and will be available on the SBE website,, in January. The registration fee will include access to the two days of instruction in either the RF 101 or NextGen Broadcast track, and continental breakfast and a midday refreshment on both days.

The NextGen track is suitable preparation to take the SBE ATSC3 Specialist Certification exam. An exam session will be provided after the Workshop. Separate advance exam registration is required. Applicants also need to hold the requisite SBE Certification. Details on the exam opportunity will be included with the online Workshop registration.

Take Advantage of SBE's Comprehensive Archive of Webinars

Did you know that the SBE offers more than 140 archived webinars on technical, regulatory and management topics? Go to On-Demand Webinars - The Society of Broadcast Engineers ( to see what is available to you. Is there a topic that is missing from our archives that you would like to see? Contact Education Director Cathy Orosz at with your requests!

Views expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the official position of the Society of Broadcast Engineers (SBE), its officers, or its members. SBE Chapter 24, Inc. regrets, but is not liable for, any omissions or errors. Articles of interest to Chapter 24 members are accepted up to the close of business the 1st day of each month. Send your article to